GRT Guest Blogger Yomayra J. Martinó Soto, General Coordinator of the Dominican Republic’s National Greenhouse Gas Inventory, explains that the Third National Communication on Climate Change (TNCC) of the Dominican Republic was launched in April. The report includes information on the level of greenhouse gas emissions and identifies actual climate change mitigation and adaptation measures.
As part of its obligations under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Member States must deliver National Communications (NCs) detailing the status of their greenhouse gas inventories and the measures implemented to date to mitigate and adapt to climate change. In addition, countries have to report other information of crucial interest including the tracking and monitoring of actions, so as to be able to address climate change globally. The NCs represent a major challenge for developing countries, the majority of which are part of the so-called “Non-Annex I Parties” under the UNFCCC guidelines. Currently it is intended that the NCs go beyond an obligation to report, by including climate change as a permanent item on the development agendas of UN Member States.
The Dominican Republic and its Third National Communication (TCNCC)
Through the Global Environment Fund (GEF) the Dominican Republic obtained financial support for the development of its TCNCC, which will be implemented jointly by the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources, the National Council for Climate Change and Clean Development Mechanism, and supported by the
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
The TCNCC will include updated information on the status of greenhouse gas emissions and identifies actual climate change mitigation and adaptation measures. The report also seeks to ensure that the country strengthens opportunities for dialogue, works on the issue of climate change, and strengthens the capacities of the national team by improving the methodology and the process of data collection and reporting.
In this regard, an initial workshop was held in April as an activity to launch the project, announcing program tools, planned activities and a proposed schedule. The TCNCC’s main challenge is that of implementing capacity at the national level so the Dominican Republic can report on current mitigation efforts in a consistent and independent way. Other challenges include reporting adaptation measures and creating a local platform in response to this problem.
The first reporting year of the project, is scheduled to include an updated national inventory of emissions, the quantities of emissions for each greenhouse gas and their main source of emission, as well as the results of vulnerability studies conducted on sectors and key localities to be included in the National Communications.
Transversely, the TCNCC will work on the implementation of capacity building programs to strengthen the national inventory team. Simultaneously, the strategic communication is also an important implementation project, given that it needs to reach a different target audience to raise general awareness of the importance of National Communications and address the problem of climate change.
This updated emissions inventory, measures mitigation and adaptation efforts and studies the main vulnerability scenarios for the country, thereby enabling effective and timely design of public policies to combat the effects of climate change in the Dominican Republic.