Today we celebrate the 69th anniversary of the signing of the United Nations Charter. This momentous occasion comes at a time when the UN has never been doing more to promote peace and usher inprosperity. Today, the UN is operating across the globe and around the clock to address conflict through its Peacekeeping Operations, preserve the health and lives of citizens from deadly health outbreaks such as Ebola, promote the rights of women and girls, and fight for the protection of the environment.
This year the UN’s theme for United Nations Day is Global Citizenship and Youth.
The day is meant to encourage teenagers and young adults to meet global challenges. Here are a couple of ways that young people are doing just that:
Education for all — Global citizenship without education is as unlikely as peace without understanding. A World at School’s global youth ambassadors, a legion of 500 students working in 85 countries, urge world leaders to give every child the chance to attend school. The ambassadors’ mission is inspired by the U.N.’s Millennium Development Goal of universal primary education.
Learning leadership — At Model U.N. events held all over the world (such as the upcoming International Conference of the Americas, CILA by its acronym in Spanish – the biggest student conference in Latin America and the Caribbean taking place from October 29 to November 1, 2014), students role-play as delegates from various countries. To prepare, they research issues that they will later debate. Within the framework of CILA , high-achieving students attend a Model United Nations conference and High-Level panelists presentations on topics that range from Global Affairs, Entrepreneurship opportunities to Ecological Preservation. During CILA 2009, more than 1,500 youths from around the world engaged into the diplomatic scene to seek solutions to the imminent challenges the international community is currently facing.
Where does the name UN come from?
The name “United Nations”, coined by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt was first used in the Declaration by United Nations of 1 January 1942, during the Second World War, when representatives of 26 nations pledged their Governments to continue fighting together against the Axis Powers;
What was the name of the predecessor organization to the United Nations?
The predecessor to the United Nations was the League of Nations, an organization conceived in similar circumstances during the first World War, and established in 1919 under the Treaty of Versailles “to promote international cooperation and to achieve peace and security;
In which city was the UN created?
The United Nations Charter was drawn up in San Francisco in 1945 when 50 countries met in San Francisco at the United Nations Conference on International Organization. The Charter was signed on 26 June 1945 by the representatives of the 50 countries and the United Nations officially came into existence on 24 October 1945, when the Charter had been ratified by a majority of signatories including the UK, France, China and Russia (then known as the Soviet Union).
To view the UN Charter please click here.
How many offices does the UN have?
Although the UN has its headquarters in New York it also has three offices in Geneva, Vienna and Nairobi.
If you wish to find out more please visit the official UN Day website, available here